Since the publication of the Rockefeller–Lancet Commission Report on Planetary Health,1 interest in planetary health has grown. Planetary health has been defined as “the health of human civilisation and the state of the natural systems on which it depends”. Planetary health research focuses on understanding and quantifying the human health effects of accelerating environmental change, including changes in climate, freshwater availability, biodiversity, food and nutrition, sustainable fishing, agricultural productivity, air quality, and water or airborne diseases. To catalyse innovative ideas among the disparate yet integrally related fields, The Lancet Planetary Health will publish a booklet of outstanding abstracts in planetary health research, in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the Planetary Health Alliance on May 29–31, 2018, at the University of Edinburgh in the UK.

This publication will help to introduce readers to cutting-edge knowledge from a rapidly evolving transdisciplinary body of research that has profound implications for policy and practice across the sustainable development agenda. Researchers from any discipline relevant to planetary health were invited to submit an abstract of their research describing a recent study or a project currently in process that contributes to the gaps in knowledge, governance, and imagination as reported by the Rockefeller–Lancet Commission. You may visit www.planetaryhealthalliance.org to peruse relevant themes. Accepted abstracts will be presented as oral or poster presentations at the Annual Meeting. A selected group of abstracts were published by The Lancet in a booklet of “Top Abstracts in Planetary Health” released in conjunction with the Annual Meeting


1 Whitmee S, Haines A, Beyrer C, et al. Safeguarding human health in the
Anthropocene epoch: report of The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet
Commission on planetary health. Lancet 2015; 386: 1973–2028.

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